1.) Choose one term from Moko Mead’s “Ngā Pūtanga o te tikanga: Underlying principals and values”, paraphrase this and explain how it can be applied to art/design. Use citations carefully to differentiate Meads ideas from your own (100 words).
Moko Mead discusses in his article ‘Nga Putake o te Tikanga Underlying Principles and Values’ that “Mana has to do with the place of the individual in the social group” (Mead 29). Mana is defined as power, prestige, authority or respect. Every individual acquires mana and the higher the power or confidence a person has the higher hierarchy they will have over a social group or community. In the Maori tribe, the chiefs are highly respected as they are the people who the lead their community and their nation because of this they acquire a certain level of respect. People with this mana is often influenced by their ancestors who had the same level of power and prestige. Because mana is highly respected it is important this level of respect and value is applied in the Maori art and design such as her tikis which are highly respected as they contain great worth. On the other hand, it is also important for artists and designers to apply the same respect when using elements on artworks such us traditional Maori art to understand their story at the same time contain its integrity and protect their value.
2.) Explain one way intellectual property and copyright laws are insufficient to address the misuse of taonga works. Use “Taonga works and intellectual property” to inform your response, including quotes and citations where appropriate (100 words)
Taonga refers to valuable objects that are considered as treasures and are highly prized. They are considered as valuable treasures created with the knowledge and insights called Matauranga (Tuatahi 30) where the results of creativity and effort are produced. Toanga works are safeguarded by a kaitiki whom protects the artwork itself and also the knowledge behind it passed through by the creator or a descent. The Intelectual Property and copyright laws protect these but poorly covers them which is where the kaitiki relationship is important to be highly valued and respected. The misuse of the taonga work can be easily be culturally inappropriate used by a person who is not a protector or a kaitiki (Tuatahi 34). The kaitiki relationship becomes highly essential to protect the culture and the developing community.
Mead, Moko. Tikanga Maori: Living by Maori Values. NZ: Huia, 2003. Print.
Anderson, Atholl, Judith Binney, and Aroha Harris. Tangata Whenua : An Illustrated History. ‘Ancients and Origins’.”Chapter 2: Speaking of Migration” n.p.: Wellington : Bridget Williams Books, 2014. Print.
Te Taumata Tautahi.“Taonga Works and Intellectual Property.” Ko Aotearoa Tēnei: Te Taumata Tuatahi: A Report into Claims concerning New Zealand Law and Policy Affecting Māori Culture and Identity. Wellington, N.Z.: Legislation Direct, 2011. 29-59. Print.