- Draw (collage/photograph/paint/whatevs) this stages of the pōwhiri in a series of illustrated panels. This can be as sophisticated or as low-fi as you like – it just needs to clearly communicate the pōwhiri process to an unfamiliar audience. Imagine you are drawing it for people who have never been onto a marae. You may like to pick a particular time period (i.e. the 1400s, 1890s, 1950s, 2010s, the future) and allow that to inform your stylistic decisions. Remember to include relevant key terms and to clearly name each part of the pōwhiri. Use “Ngā tikanga o te marae” (Rawinia Higgins and John C. Moorfield) to inform your drawing.
2. Melanie Wall identifies some of the more common Māori stereotypes that have appeared in New Zealand’s media. Take one of the examples of representations of Māori from Dick’s lecture and discuss it in relation to Wall’s ideas (100 words).
Dick’s lecture discusses the relation of Maori stereotypes on Western worldviews. The typical ideology of Maoris on Western is being subjected to ‘other as ‘primative or exotic’. These race ideologies are often represented through media and dominant culture reinforcing the upper class of the society. As Wall explains ‘what is traditional (ie pre-European) is characterised as Maori, whereas all that is ‘modern’ is categorised as Pakeha’ (Wall,41) that ‘stereotypes is the key mechanism through which racialese discourse id propagated and reproduced’ (Wall,40). This explains the Western culture power as they are seen to be the ‘normal’ or ‘ideal’ which is seen as modern and will always be generated and reproduced. The ideology western view on Maori to be ‘primitive and exotic’ is encouraged to become ‘modern’ as the Pakeha culture is ultimately propagating. Through media the Pakeha view is promoted and reproduced as the dominant society or their ideal power over the other class which also forms the ‘quintessential’ stereotypes of Maori living in New Zealand.
Wall, Melanie. ‘’Stereotypical Constructions of the Maori ‘Race’ in the Media.’’ New Zealand Geographer 1997: 40-45. Web.